新疆风采18选7

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德国汉堡自由港转型发展对海南的启示
时间:2018-09-12 15:25:34 来源:今日海南 作者:海南省外事侨务办公室调研组

新疆风采18选7  HANBAOGANGSHIDEGUODIYIDAGANG、OUZHOUDISANDAGANG,YESHISHIJIEZUIZAODEZIYOUGANGZHIYI,QI125NIANDEZIYOUGANGFAZHANJINGYANDUIHAINANJUYOUJIGAODECANKAOJIEJIANYIYI。TEBIESHISUIZHEOUZHOUTONGYISHICHANGDEJIANLI,HANBAOGANGZHONGZHILEZIYOUGANGZHENGCEBINGKAIQIQUANXINZHUANXING,CHIXUTIGAOGANGKOUHEXINJINGZHENGLI,YESHIHAINANWEILAIZHIDEGUANZHUDEZHONGYAOJINGYANZHIYI。

  汉堡自由港概况

  HANBAOGANGQUZONGMIANJI7145GONGQING,ZHANHANBAOSHIZONGMIANJIDE10%。GANGQUYOUSHIZHENGFUXIASHEDEHANBAOGANGWUJUYUNYING,BINGFUZEWANSHANGANGQUJICHUSHESHIJIKECHIXUFAZHANGONGNENGJIANSHE。GANGQUZHUYAOYITUOMATOU,CHENGKUAIZHUANGBUJU,GONGYOUSIGEJIZHUANGXIANGMATOU,DUOGEDUOYONGTUMATOU。HANBAOGANGHAIYUNHUOWUNIANTUNTULIANGKEDADAO1.38YIDUN,MEINIANGUOGANGCHENGKECHAOGUO70WANRENCI,MEINIANTINGKAOGELEICHUANBODA9000SOU。QIZHONG,2016NIANTINGKAOYOULUN160YUSOU,2017NIANDUJIZHUANGXIANGTUNTULIANGWEI900WANBIAOZHUNXIANG。

  汉堡自由港功能定位

新疆风采18选7  WULIUZHONGXIN。HANBAOZIYOUGANGSHIOUZHOUFAZHANZUIKUAI、ZUIGAOXIAODEWULIUJIDI。YITUOYOUYUEDEDILIWEIZHI,JIANGHEYUN、HAIYUNJIECHENGYIWANG,YUSHIJIEGEDIDADUOSHUHAIGANGZHIJIETONGHANG,BEICHENGWEI“LIANGHAISANHEZHIGANG”。TIELUHUOYUNWANGMIDUJUOUZHOUZHISHOU,GONGLUWANGYESITONGBADA。HANBAOBUJINJINYIKAOGUANSHUIYOUHUIXIYINMAOYI,GENGZHONGYAODESHIZHUZHONGTISHENGGANGKOUWULIUXIAOLVHEFUWU,WEI5700DUOJIAWULIUGONGSITIGONGLEYIZHENGTAOWANBEIDEZENGZHIFUWU,ZAISHIJIEFANWEINEIXINGCHENGLEYIGEWANZHENGDEWULIUSHANGXIAYOUCHANYELIAN。

新疆风采18选7  JIAGONGMAOYIZHONGXIN。XUDUOQIYEZAIGANGQUNEIJIANLIJIAGONGCHANG,YOUQISHENGCHANJIAGONGYIXIEGAOFUJIAZHICHANPIN,LIRUKAFEI、CHAYE、ZHIZHANG、KEKEDENG,BINGPEIHEHUOWUQINGGUANHESHUIWUYOUHUIZHENGCEDENGDUOZHONGFANGSHIXINGCHENGLEYITAOWANZHENGDEJIAGONGMAOYITIXI。

  HUIZHANCHANYEZHONGXIN。DEGUOHUIZHANYELISHIYOUJIU,SHILIXIONGHOU。QUANSHIJIEYOUJIAODAYINGXIANGDEZHANLANHUIYOU210GE,QIZHONGDEGUOJIUZHANLE130DUOGE,BEIYUWEI“SHIJIEZHANLANWANGGUO”。HANBAOYITUOGANGCHENGLIANDONGDALIFAZHANHUIZHANYE,HANBAOGUOJIZHANLANZHONGXINMIANJIDA8.7WANPINGFANGMI,YOU11GEZHANLANDATING,MEINIANJUBAN1.2WANCHANGGELEIZHANLAN,YOUCHAOGUO70WANRENCANZHAN。QIHUIZHANYEFAZHANZHUYAOYOUYIXIATEDIAN:YISHIZHENGFUGAODUZHONGSHIHUIZHANYEFAZHAN。TONGGUODUOZHONGFANGSHIJINXINGFUCHI,HUIZHANGONGSIDADOUYOUZHENGFUKONGGU,SHIXINGQIYEHUAGUANLI。ERSHIYONGYOUWANSHANDEPEITAOSHESHIHELIANGHAODEFUWU。CHUWEICANZHANSHANGTIGONGYITIAOLONGCANZHANFUWUWAI,HENDUOZHANLANGONGSIHAIYONGYOUZIJIDEZHANLANZHUANYONGHUOCHEHEDIANCHE,WEIKESHANGHEGUANZHONGTIGONGGAOXIAOBIANJIEDEJIAOTONGFUWU,YEKETIGONG“PINGZHANLANMENPIAOMIANFEICHENGZUOSHIZHENGJIAOTONGQIANWANGZHANCHANG”FUWU。SANSHIYOUGAODUXIEZUODEXINGYEXIEHUI。DEGUOHUIZHANYEXIEHUISHIDEGUOHUIZHANYEJIEZUIZHONGYAODEXIEHUI,FUZEYUZHENGFUHEHUIZHANGONGSIDEGOUTONGXIEDIAO,XIEDIAODEGUOSUOYOUGUONEIWAIZHANLANHUODONG,DUIHUIZHANJINXINGDIAOYANPINGGU,WEIHUIZHANGONGSITIGONGZHENGCEFALVZIXUNYIJIZHUANYERENCAIPEIXUN,WEIDEGUOHUIZHANYEDEFANRONGFAZHANZUOCHUZHONGDAGONGXIAN。SISHIZHUANYERENCAIPEIYANG。CONGZHENGFU、GAOXIAO、XINGYEXIEHUIHEQIYEDENGSIGECENGMIANJIAYITUIJIN,ZHENGFUHAIFUZEWEIXINGYEXIEHUIHEHUIZHANGONGSIDERENCAIJIAOYUYUPEIXUNTIGONGDALIANGDEZIZHU。DEGUODEDAZHUANYUANXIAOYIBANDOUHUIKAISHEHUIZHANZHUANYE,XITONGCHUANSHOUHUIZHANLILUNHEZHISHI,BINGZHONGSHISHIJIANJIAOXUE,YUHUIZHANGONGSIJIANLIZHANGQIHEZUOGUANXI。

G20汉堡峰会的主会场所在地汉堡国际展览中心 图/新华社

  汉堡自由港主要特点

  YOUHUIDEGUANSHUITIAOJIAN。CHUANZHICONGHAISHANGJINRUHUOLIZIYOUGANGSHIWANGHAIWAIWUXUXIANGHAIGUANJIEGUAN,CHUANBOHANGXINGSHIZHIYAOZAICHUANSHANGGUAYIMIAN“GUANQI”,JIUKEBUSHOUHAIGUANRENHEGANSHE;JINCHUHUOZHUANYUNHUOWUZAIZIYOUGANGZHUANGXIE、ZHUANCHUANHECHUCUNBUSHOUHAIGUANRENHEXIANZHI,HUOWUJINCHUBUYAOQIUMEIPILIJISHENBAOYUCHAYAN,45TIANZHINEIZHUANKOUDEHUOWUWUXUJILU;HUOWUZHIYOUCONGZIYOUGANGSHURUOUMENGSHICHANGSHICAIXUXIANGHAIGUANJIEGUAN,JIAONAGUANSHUIJIQITAJINKOUSHUI。

  GAOXIAODEGUANLITIXI。CHENGLIJINGZHENGFUSHOUQUANDEZHUANMENJIGOU,FUZEGUANLIHEXIEDIAOZIYOUMAOYIQUDEZHENGTISHIWU。TEBIESHIZIYOUMAOYIQUYUCHENGSHIGONGNENGDEXIANGHUCUJIN,DAIDONGLEZHOUBIANCHENGSHIJINGJIFAZHAN。HANBAOZIYOUGANGDUIJINCHUDECHUANZHIHEHUOWUJIYUZUIDAXIANDUDEZIYOU,TIGONGZIYOUHEBIANJIEDEGUANLICUOSHI。HANBAOZIYOUGANGZHUANKOUMAOYIDAIDONGLEJINRONG、BAOXIANDENGDISANCHANYEDEFAZHAN,SHIHANBAOCHENGWEIDEGUODEJINRONGZHONGXINZHIYI。HANBAOGANGDESUOYOUJICHUSHESHIJIANSHEHEWEIXIUFEIYONGJUNYOUZHOUZHENGFUZHIFU,MEINIANYONGYUGANGKOUDEYUSUANYOUZHOUYIHUIPIZHUN。GANGKOUSHOURUBAOKUOSHIYONGFEI、ZUJINHESHUIJINDENG,QUANBUJINRUZHOUZHENGFUCAIZHENG。TONGSHI,GULIGANGNEITONGLEIXINGDEFUWUGONGSIXIANGHUJINGZHENG,YIQUEBAOFUWUZHILIANG。ZAIGANGQUQIYERENYUANGUANLIFANGMIAN,ZIYOUGANGYANGEZHIXINGZHENGJIANZHIDU,GANGQUBUYUNXURENYUANJUZHU,CHELIANGRENYUANCHURUGANGJUNXUJINGGUOYANGEJIANCHA,YIQIESHIWEIHUZIYOUGANGYUNXINGZHIXU。

  WANSHANDEJIANGUANSHOUDUAN。HANBAODALITUIJINDIANZIHUABAOGUANGONGZUO,HUOWUDIGANGQIAN30TIANXIANGGUANXINXIJIUYITIJIAODAOHAIGUAN,DADUOSHUHUOWUDIGANGSHIBUZAIXUYAOYOUHAIGUANJINXINGWULIJIECHUSHIJIANCHA,YEBUBIZAIQIANWANGHAIGUANJIANCHAZHANBANLISHOUXU,TONGGUANXIAOLVDADATIGAO。HANBAOJIARU《GUOJICHUANBOHEGANGKOUSHESHIBAOANGUIZE(ISPS Code)》,SUOYOUNIJINRUOUMENGJINGNEIDEHUOWUJUNXUTIQIANZHUNQUESHENBAO,XIANGGUANSHUJUZAIGECHENGYUANGUOJIANGONGXIANG。HAIGUANJIEHECHUANYUNQIYEYIWANGYEWUDENGQINGKUANG,DUISHENBAOXINXIJINXINGZONGHEFENGXIANPINGGU,DUIYOUWEIFAQIANKE、YOUBEIJUBAOXIANSUOYIJISHOUCICHUXIANDEQIYE,ZAIHUOWUDAOGANGHOUYOUZHENDUIXINGDIZHONGDIANJIANCHA,ERZUNJISHOUFADEQIYEZEKEHUODEHAIGUANTEBIERENZHENG,ZHEIDADATIGAOLEGANGKOUDEGONGZUOXIAOLV。TONGGUOSHEZHIANQUANWEILAN、SHIPINJIANKONG、HAIGUANYUJINGFANGRENYUANDINGSHIQUNEIXUNLUO、HAIJINGCHUANHAISHANGXUNLUO、DINGQIJIANCHAGANGQUCANGKUCUNHUOQINGKUANG、DUIHUOWUSHIXINGCHOUJIANDENGFANGSHI,FANGZHIWEIXIANPIN(RUWUQIJISHECHIPIN)DENGHUOWUZOUSI,BAOZHANGGONGZHONGANQUANYUGUOJIAJINGJILIYI。

汉堡是有名的“水都之城” 图/互联网

  汉堡终止自由港政策的原因

新疆风采18选7  2013NIAN1YUEQI,HANBAOSHIZHENGSHIZHONGZHILEHANBAOZIYOUGANGZHENGCE,SUOYOUHANBAOGANGQUNEIDEGONGSIJIANGTONGQITAOUMENGGUANSHUIQUNEIDEGONGSIYIYANGANZHAOOUMENGHAIGUANGUANLIGUIDINGJINXINGYUNYING。ZHUYAOYOUYIXIASIGEYUANYIN:YISHISUIZHEOUMENGCHENGYUANGUOBUDUANZENGDUO,HANBAOZIYOUGANGLIUZHUANHUOWUZHONGKEXIANGSHOUMIANGUANSHUIDAIYUDEFEIOUMENGHUOWUZHANBIYUELAIYUEXIAO,TONGSHIYINSHIMAOZUZHIDENGZAIQUANQIUFANWEINEIWEIJIANGDIGUANSHUIZUOCHUJUDANULI,JISHIDUIFEIOUMENGGUOJIAHUOWU,GUANSHUISHUILVYECONGZIYOUGANGCHENGLIZHICHUPINGJUN30%JIANGZHI2006NIANDE3%,HANBAOZIYOUGANGDEGUANSHUIYOUSHIBEIDAFUXIAORUO。ERSHIMEIGUO“911”SHIJIANFASHENGHOU,OUMENGCAINALEGENGWEIYANGEDEANQUANBIAOZHUN,ZI2009NIAN7YUEQI,BAOKUOZHUANKOUHUOWUZAINEISUOYOUHUOWUJINRUOUMENGJUNXUSHENBAO,HANBAOZIYOUGANGYUANYOUZHUANKOUHUOWUMIANSHENBAOTEQUANYIBUFUCUNZAI。SANSHIHANBAOZIYOUGANGDEHUOWU90%YISHANGSHIXIANJIZHUANGXIANGHUA,HUOWUZAIGANGSHIJIANDADASUODUAN,ZAIGANGQUMATOUHECANGKUCHUCUNXUQIUDAFUXIAJIANG,OUMENGYUNXUGEDIJIANBAOSHUICANGKUDEZHENGCEYIZUYITIDAIZIYOUGANGMIANSHUIKUCUNGONGNENG。SISHIFENGBIDEZIYOUGANGYINGXIANGLEWULIUXIAOLV。ZIYOUGANGZUOWEIFENGBIQUYU,BANLIZIYOUGANGQUDERUJIESHOUXUJINGCHANGDAOZHIJIAOTONGDUSAI,TUOLEIZHENGGEWULIULIANDEYUNZHUAN,DUIHANBAOSHIZHENG、JIAOTONGGUIZEDEFUMIANYINGXIANGYERIYIXIANXIAN。

  ZAISHANGSHUBEIJINGXIA,HANBAOGANGZHONGZHILEZIYOUGANGZHENGCE,YINSHILIDAOZHUDONGZUOCHULEZHENGCEDIAOZHENG。ZIYOUGANGZHENGCECHEXIAOHOU,HANBAOGANGYUNSHUHEGUANSHUILIUCHENGGENGJIASHUNCHANGHELINGHUO,FANERTISHENGLEGANGKOUDEHUOLIHEJINGZHENGLI。TONGSHI,SUOYOUDEGANGKOUGONGSIYIJIUZAIYUANLAIDEZIYOUMAOYIQUCHULIHUOCHUZANGHUOWU,ZIYOUMAOYIQUYUANBENDEYONGTUBAOCHIBUBIAN,ZHISHIHAIGUANBAOGUANCHENGXUSHANGYOUSUOGENGBIAN,ZUIDACHENGDUJIANSHAOYINZHENGCEGAIBIANJIQIYEDAILAIDEBUBIAN。

  对海南自贸试验区和中国特色自贸港建设的启示

  ZAIQUYUJINGJIYITIHUADEBEIJINGXIA,MOUHUAHAINANZIMAOSHIYANQUHEZHONGGUOTESEZIMAOGANGJIANSHEDEZHENGCETIXI。HANBAOGANGZHONGZHIZIYOUGANGZHENGCESHIZAIOUMENGYITIHUAJINCHENGBUDUANSHENRUDEDAHUANJINGQUDONGXIAZUOCHUDEBIRANXUANZE,HANBAOGANGHENHAODIBAWOZHULEZHEIGEZHANLVEJIYU,JISHIDIAOZHENGZHUANXING,SHUNYINGLEOUMENGYITIHUADEXUYAO。HAINANDICHUNANHAI,MIANXIANGDONGMENG,SUIZHEZHONGGUO-DONGMENGZIYOUMAOYIQUJIANSHEDEBUDUANSHENGJIFAZHAN,HAINANZAIJIANSHEZIMAOSHIYANQUHEZHONGGUOTESEZIMAOGANGGUOCHENGZHONGGENGYINGCHONGFENKAOLVZHONGGUO-DONGMENGJINGJIYITIHUADEQUSHI。YINGRENZHENYANJIUHANBAOGANGZHONGZHIZIYOUGANGZHENGCE,SHUNYINGOUMENGJINGJIYITIHUAFAZHANDESHENCENGCIYUANYIN,CHAOQIANMOUHUAHAINANZIMAOSHIYANQUHEZHONGGUOTESEZIMAOGANGJIANSHEZHENGCETIXI,WEIJIANGLAIGENGHAODIRONGRUZHONGGUO-DONGMENGZIYOUMAOYIQUDAHAOJICHU。TONGSHI,HAIYINGZHUYIYULIUZHENGCEKONGJIAN,YIGENJUZUIXINQINGKUANGJISHIZUOCHUDIAOZHENGZHUANXING,YIZUODAOYUSHIJUJIN。

  CHULIHAO“YOUXINGDEGANG”HE“WUXINGDEGANG”DEGUANXI,WEIYUCHOUMOU、CHAOQIANMOUHUAHAINANZAIQUANQIUSHUZIMAOYIZHONGDEBUJU。XIZONGSHUJIQIANGDIAO,HAINANZIMAOSHIYANQUHEZHONGGUOTESEZIMAOGANGJIANSHEBUNENGYIZHUANKOUMAOYIHEJIAGONGZHIZAOWEIZHONGDIAN,ERYAOYIFAZHANLVYOUYE、XIANDAIFUWUYE、GAOXINJISHUCHANYEWEIZHUDAO。HUANJUHUASHUO,HECHUANTONGZIMAOGANGBUTONG,ZAIZHEILIJINXINGJIAOYIDESHANGPIN,JIANGBUZAISHIYOUXINGDEHUOWU,ERGENGDUODESHIFUWU、KEJI、SHUZIMAOYIDENGWEIDAIBIAODE“WUXINGSHANGPIN”。ZHEIJIUYAOQIUHAINANZAIXUEXIJIEJIANCHUANTONGDESHIJIEZHIMINGZIMAOGANGFAZHANJINGYANSHI,YAOZHUYICONGZHEIXIE“YOUXINGDEGANG”ZHONGTIQUCHU“WUXINGDEGANG”FAZHANDEYIBANGUILV。TEBIESHIZAIDANGQIANDEGUODENGGUOJIAYINLINGLEYIGAOXINKEJI、HULIANWANGDENGWEIDAIBIAODEDISICIGONGYEGEMINGLANGCHAO,CHUANTONGDETESHUJIANGUANQUYUDEYOUSHIBUZAIMINGXIAN。HAINANYINGZHUDONGZUOWEI,TANSUOJIANGCHUANTONGFUWUYUSHUZIFUWURONGHE、ZHIZAOYEYUFUWUYERONGHE、SHIWUMAOYIYUSHUZIMAOYIGAODURONGHEDEXIANDAIFUWUMAOYIFAZHANZHILU,ZHUAZHUJIYU,TIQIANBUJU,XIANXINGXIANSHI,WEITISHENGZHONGGUOZAIQUANQIUSHUZIMAOYIGUIZETIXIJIANLIZHONGDEHUAYUQUANFAHUIZUOYONG,BINGYICIWEITUPOKOU,WEITANSUOJIANLIHAINANZIMAOSHIYANQUHEZHONGGUOTESEZIMAOGANGJIANSHEZHENGCETIXIXUNZHAOLUJING。

  提升对在琼外商和外籍人士的服务保障水平,打造国际化的营商环境。一是成立由政府主导的针对在琼国际企业的行业协会,并组织与省内相关单位定期进行座谈交流,充分发挥行业协会的带动效应,为我省打造国际化营商环境积极建言献策,以期细致化、专业化、标准化落实具体措施。二是强化软件配套建设,针对在琼经商、居住、旅行、学习、就业等各类外籍人士,在安居保障、子女就学、医疗保障、金融、保险等各类服务,以及人文生活、城市交通等与日常生活息息相关的配套建设,切实打造宜商、宜居、宜旅的城市生态。三是根据实际需要进一步研究居留时限问题,适当延长外国高层次人才、急需紧缺专门人才和投资者在琼居留时限。四是以全岛为单位,进一步完善外语语言环境建设,为外商和外籍人士在琼旅游、工作、生活提供便利。(文|海南省外事侨务办公室调研组;调研组成员:王胜、王磊、张东东、韩佳、钟辛、王晓栋、郑亦倩、齐静)

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